For many years, the United States has held the lead among the world's largest economies. Despite the economic success of China, America is still ahead of the rest of the world in terms of technological development, especially in the areas of information technology, pharmaceuticals, medicine, aerospace and military technology.

Inflation is 3.1% and the unemployment rate is 3.7%. The welfare and services sector in the U.S. also scores high, for example, spending on health care exceeds 18% of GDP, which is the highest in the world.

How to immigrate to the United States

America has always positioned itself as a free democratic country, providing equal opportunities and conditions for all citizens. Not in vain the USA is called the nation of immigrants, annually more than 340.9 million population is replenished by hundreds of thousands of migrants from different countries.

America gladly accepts the best minds of the world and creates comfortable living conditions. Let's try to understand the main ways of moving across the ocean and answer the question how to emigrate to the USA in 2024.

Marriage to a U.S. citizen or fiancée visa

One of the fastest ways to immigrate to the States. For convenience, consider the option of obtaining an immigrant visa, which is called K1, the bride, and accordingly the groom will be a U.S. citizen. For the opposite case, the conditions will not differ.

So, fiancée status will allow you to obtain a K1 visa allowing you to enter the United States for the purpose of subsequent marriage within three months of your arrival. What is required?

The U.S. citizen must file a Form I-129F petition with the USCIS. This is done where the applicant resides within the United States. After the petition is processed the National Visa Center (NVC) processes it and sends the documents to the U.S. Embassy where the bride lives. This process usually takes 1-1.5 months.

After that, the Consular Section at the U.S. Embassy sends the bride a letter with further instructions and a list of documents needed to obtain a visa. When all the documents are collected, a date for the interview is agreed with the Embassy. You need to have your passport and originals of the required documents with you.

After getting the visa and departure to the USA, before expiration of 90 days you should get married, then you can address in the Service of Citizenship and Immigration to receive the status of conditional constant resident of the USA, otherwise you will have to leave the country.

Marriage to a U.S. citizen

It is especially noteworthy that Americans are very strict with regard to conclusion of fictitious marriages and counteract them in every possible way. If a person is caught in this type of fraud, then the offender faces huge fines and a ban on entry into the country. In this regard, even before you petition and start the visa process, you need to take care of proof of serious intentions to marry and the sincerity of the relationship.

It can be joint photos, cards, bills from restaurants, hotels, phone calls and so on. All of this may be needed at the visa processing stage in the Embassy, and will definitely be needed to get a Green Card (the right to live and work in the country) already in the United States.

Participation in the DIVERSITY VISA LOTTERY program

Quite an interesting type of immigration to the United States. Anyone with a high school diploma or work experience of more than two years can get a Green Card. To do this you need to leave an application on the official website

The lottery was created under the U.S. Department of State and aims to attract immigrants from countries that are less represented in America. Generally, to be eligible for the program, a country must have less than 50,000 immigrants to the United States in the past 5 years.

The most fascinating thing about the lottery is the random computerized selection of applicants. The choice of the winner is not related to social status, English proficiency or professional skills. In addition, a spouse and unmarried children under the age of 21 are eligible along with the participant.

The drawing is held annually, usually at the same time. In 2023, applications for DV-2025 were accepted from October 4 to November 7. The results are published in May. Usually the winning percentage does not exceed 1.5% regardless of the country. So if there are no other options on the horizon for emigrating to the United States, this is a good way to go.

Obtaining an H-1B work visa in the United States

This is a type of working immigration to the United States for high-level professionals. It is mandatory to have your diploma verified to U.S. standards. If you do not have a college degree, three years of work experience in the specialty is equal to one year of college.

It is impossible to get H-1B visa on your own. The application process depends entirely on the employer, who has to submit the petition to the Federal Labor Service in his country for hiring of a foreign worker. This is usually done starting in April, 6 months before the start of the U.S. fiscal year (October 1).

Obtaining an H-1B work visa in the United States

A number of conditions must be met for the application to be granted, such as:

  • Absence of applicants for the position in the domestic market;

  • The foreign worker's salary level complies with applicable law;

  • The hiring of the alien will not adversely affect the U.S. labor market.

Visa validity period is not more than 6 years. All expenses related to the extension of the work visa in the USA are borne by the employer. During this time, the worker may apply for a Green Card, otherwise he or she must leave the country. The U.S. government sets quotas for H-1B work visas at slightly more than 60,000 annually.

Investing in the U.S. economy or EB-5 Visa

Investing in the U.S. economy is the most costly type of immigration to the United States. There are two main conditions for obtaining the U.S. visa EB-5:

  1. Capital investment in a business is equivalent to $1,000,000. In rare cases, the threshold can go down to $500,000 if the business is in a rural area (target areas) or if the unemployment rate is 50% higher than the national average.

  2. Creation of at least 10 full-time jobs for American residents. Close relatives (wife, children) cannot be included in this list, but distant relatives (brother, uncle) please.

To obtain a visa with the Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), you must submit a Form I-526 petition and documents proving you meet the conditions listed above. If approved, a so-called conditional green card is issued, and after two years you may apply on Form I-829 for a permanent green card. It is important to note that one must manage a business in the USA directly in the country, simply investing resources and sitting at home will not work.

Refugee status in the United States

A real option to move to the United States if there is strong evidence of persecution and persecution in your home country. Reasons may vary:

  • Political motives

  • Religious convictions

  • Race

  • Hostilities, etc.

You can apply for refugee status at the U.S. Embassy in your country (refugees) and on U.S. soil (asylees). If your application is approved, you can get a Green Card in one year. Having relatives in the United States is a great advantage for applying for refugee status.

Emigrating to USA via family reunion

The longest way to immigrate to the United States. It is easiest for close relatives – spouses, parents, and children under 21 – to immigrate. There are no visa quotas for this category, and the procedure takes several years.

For brothers, sisters, uncles, aunts, etc. the process of moving is carried out on a quota basis and can take up to 8-10 years.

To immigrate through family reunification, a U.S. citizen must submit an I-130 application and documents proving family ties to the Citizenship and Immigration Services. Financial security is an important factor in ensuring that the applicant covers the costs of the move and reduces the burden on the U.S. budget. A separate petition is filed for each relative.

When and how to emigrate to the United States and which way to choose, everyone decides for himself. But before making the final decision to move, it is a good idea to visit the country beforehand, feel the local culture and rhythm of life, talk to people and finally pull the language. For this there are many special programs designed specifically for students and young professionals. For example WORK and TRAVEL USA and Career Training USA.

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