MINIMUM AND AVERAGE SALARY IN GERMANY

Germany is located in the center of Europe, washed by the waters of the Baltic and North Seas. It borders with Denmark in the north, Poland and Czech Republic in the east, Austria and Switzerland in the south, France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands in the west. It is the most economically developed state in the European Union with high living standards and decent wages.

Salary in Germany

The population of Germany is about 83.3 million people. Millions of foreigners from different parts of the world dream to live and work in this country. Besides ethnic Germans, there are many Turks, Italians, Greeks, Poles, Russians, and representatives of other nationalities. Let's find out what salaries in Germany in 2024.

Minimum salary in Germany

According to the German government, the official minimum wage in Germany since January 1, 2024 is 12.41 euros per hour. The monthly income is €2,151 and the annual income is €25,812. Compared to last year, the minimum wage in Germany increased by €0,41 per month (3.3%). Inflation at the end of 2023 was 5.9%, therefore the purchasing power of German workers has declined.

Important. Over the past 9 years, the hourly minimum wage in Germany increased by 3.91 euros – from 8.50 euros in 2015 to 12.41 euros in 2024.

The minimum wage law in Germany was introduced only on January 1, 2015 by the third government of Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel. This was a central promise during the election campaign in 2013. Previously, rates were set based on collective agreements between trade unions and entrepreneurs.

The federal minimum wage in Germany applies to almost all employees, including foreign specialists, part-time trainees and people working during probationary periods. The exceptions are freelancers and self-employed and in the case of internships that last less than three months or are part of university courses, volunteer work or apprenticeships.

Some industries in Germany have higher minimum wage rates.

MINIMUM WAGE IN GERMANY

Scope of activity Euro per hour
Pedagogical staff with additional qualifications 19.15
Pedagogical staff 18.58
Glass and facade cleaning activities 16.70
Trade in roofs 13.90
Trade in electrical equipment 13.95
Trade in construction timber 13.60
Prolonged care 14.15
Internal and technical cleaning 13.50
Meat-processing industry 12.30

Average salary in Germany

According to official data from the Federal Statistical Office, the average salary in Germany in 2024 is 4,105 euros per month before taxes (gross). After all mandatory deductions, about 2,800 euros (net) remains at the disposal of local workers. Women in Germany earn on average 19.12 euros per hour, which is 17.5% less than men's – 23.20 euros.

In 2024, Germany's highest-income sectors are "electricity," "information and communication" and "financial and insurance services. Here, employees earned an average of 5,180 to 5,636 euros per month. The lowest gross monthly earnings were recorded for accommodation and catering activities – 2,539 euros.

The average salary of doctors in Germany (health workers and nurses) in 2024 is 3,502 euros per month. Specialists in nursing homes receive about 3,116 euros. Management staff in hospitals earn an average of 8,545 euros per month, and specialists with high qualifications and experience earn up to 4,524 euros. By comparison, the food retail sector generates an average income of about 2,480 euros per month.

SALARY IN GERMANY BY SECTOR OF ECONOMY

Sector of economy Euro per month
Financial and insurance services 5,636
Information and communication 5,509
Electricity supply 5,180
Professional, scientific and technical services 5,141
Education 4,634
Mining 4,351
Production 4,277
Public Administration and defense 4,193
Industrial and economic services 4,098
Real estate 4,002
Water supply 3,780
Art, entertainment and leisure 3,625
Construction 3,472
Transportation and storage 3,299
Accommodation and food 2,480

Note. Information on minimum and average wages in Germany by sector is based on current official data from the German Federal Statistical Office.

In conclusion, we note that the unemployment rate in Germany is about 5–6%, and the income tax rate in 2024 ranges from 0% (income up to 11,604 euros per year) to 45% (income over 277,825 euros per year).

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