WHICH COUNTRIES HAVE THE DEATH PENALTY

The death penalty is one of the most controversial topics around the world and is regularly discussed in various international venues. Each year more and more countries reject this form of punishment for criminals. Nevertheless, as of 2023, 53 states still impose death sentences by various methods, including beheading, electrocution, hanging, lethal injection and execution.

According to official data from Amnesty International, an international nongovernmental organization, there were 579 executions in 18 countries worldwide in 2021, a 19.9 percent increase from the previous year (483 executions in 2020). The year 2020 had the lowest number of executions recorded by Amnesty International in the last decade. Executions were most frequent in China, as well as in Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Somalia.

Which countries have the death penalty

In 2023, of the 196 independent states that are members of the UN or have UN observer status, 111 countries completely abolished the death penalty in law for all types of crimes. In addition, seven states have introduced a ban for ordinary crimes (while retaining the death penalty for special circumstances such as war crimes) and 24 countries do not use the death penalty in practice. However, 53 countries (listed below) still impose the death penalty on criminals.

Next, we will find out which countries legally allow the death penalty.

WHICH COUNTRIES HAVE THE DEATH PENALTY IN 2023 – A LIST

COUNTRY LAST EXECUTION (YEAR)
1. Afghanistan 2022
2. Antigua and Barbuda 1991
3. Bahamas 2000
4. Bangladesh 2022
5. Barbados 1984
6. Bahrain 2019
7. Belarus 2019
8. Belize 1985
9. Botswana 2021
10. Vietnam 2021
11. Guyana 1997
12. Democratic Republic of Congo 2003
13. Dominica 1986
14. Egypt 2022
15. Zimbabwe 2005
16. India 2020
17. Indonesia 2016
18. Jordan 2021
19. Iraq 2022
20. Iran 2023
21. Yemen 2021
22. Qatar 2020
23. China 2022
24. Comoros 1997
25. Cuba 2003
26. Kuwait 2022
27. Lesotho 1995
28. Libya 2010
29. Malaysia 2017
30. Myanmar 2022
31. Nigeria 2016
32. United Arab Emirates 2021
33. Oman 2020
34. Pakistan 2019
35. Palestine 2022
36. Saudi Arabia 2022
37. North Korea 2022
38. Saint Kitts and Nevis 2008
39. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1995
40. Saint Lucia 1995
41. Singapore 2022
42. Syria 2022
43. United States of America 2023
44. Somalia 2022
45. Sudan 2021
46. Thailand 2018
47. Taiwan 2020
48. Trinidad and Tobago 1999
49. Uganda 2005
50. Ethiopia 2007
51. South Sudan 2022
52. Jamaica 1998
53. Japan 2022

Note. The Republic of Belarus is the only European country that has not abolished the death penalty.

During 2021, 2,052 death sentences were handed down, an increase of 38.9% over 2020 (1,477). In all, at least 28,670 people were sentenced to death at the end of the year. The number of sentences rose sharply in South Asian countries such as Bangladesh (181), India (144) and Pakistan (129).

The last countries to abolish the death penalty were Zambia (2022), Equatorial Guinea (2022), Papua New Guinea (2022), Central African Republic (2022), Sierra Leone (2021), Kazakhstan (2021) and Chad (2020).

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